Short Esophagus/Congenital Esophageal Stenosis

Most congenital strictures in infants are smooth, elongated, and associated with esophageal foreshortening. In an infant the congenital nature of such a stricture is generally suspected; in older individuals differentiation from complications of reflux esophagitis is problematic. Multiple ringlike constrictions in the upper or mid-esophagus are occasionally found in young adults with long-standing dysphagia such an appearance is believed to represent residual congenital esophageal stenosis, although a Barrett’s esophagus is in the differential.
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