Distal rectal carcinoma

Gastrointestinal tract images Rectal Carcinoma: Rectal wall penetration and pelvic lymph node involvement are the major prognostic factors in predicting recurrence. Some lymph nodes <5mm in diameter already contain metastases, a limitation in the imaging prediction of tumor spread. Nevertheless, the sensitivity for detecting positive lymph nodes is greater for rectal tumors than for more proximal colonic tumors because benign perirectal adenopathy is uncommon. Barium Enema: The relative roles of barium enema, flexible sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy are not established. A number of studies have shown a superiority of colonoscopy over barium enema. The problem with most of these studies is that colonoscopy is used as a gold standard and the studies are performed by gastroenterologists, but barium enemas were performed by general radiologists and the results are often biased against barium enema. A barium enema, however, does detect most pedunculated, sessile and infiltrating colon and rectal carcinomas.
radiology images of Colon adenocarcinoma. A: A double-contrast barium enema identifies a tight circumferential cancer. The entire colon could be studied in spite of the tight obstruction.B: This patient presented both with bleeding and obstruction.Barium enema reveals an ulcerated (arrows), circumferential sigmoid cancer.
This is radiology images of A: Distal rectal carcinoma (arrows) presenting as a diffuse carpet-like infiltrate. (Courtesy of Arunas Gasparaitis, M.D., University of Chicago.) B: Polypoid, infiltrating rectal carcinoma (arrow).

Computed Tomography: Computed tomography of some large, fungating ascending colon carcinomas infiltrating to pericolic fat identifies segmental distal colonic wall thickening. The histopathology of resected specimens reveals submucosal and subserosal edema, chronic inflammation and fibrosis, or both. Not all focal colorectal tumors detected by CT or MR are neoplastic. An adjacent abscess can readily mimic a necrotic cancer and vice versa. Endometriosis is another example. Intravenous contrast enhancement aids polyp detection; both benign and malignant polyps enhance with contrast, while residual content does not. Enhancement significantly improves visualization of 6–9 mm polyps (75% postcontrast versus 58% precontrast). Contrast also aids detection of local tumor extension and any lymphadenopathy.
This is radiology images of Pararectal abscess mimicking a rectal carcinoma. Constipation developed after prostatic resection 4 months previously for benign hyperplasia. A,B: Two pelvic CT images reveal a rectal tumor narrowing the lumen (arrows). C,D: T1– and T2–weighted images show rectal wall thickening and an adjacent fluid-filled structure (arrow), suggesting an abscess or necrotic tumor.

               Studies suggest that CT colonography is competitive with conventional colonoscopy in detecting both benign and malignant polyps >1cm. In patients with colonic tumors (confirmed at endoscopy or surgery), axial and multiplanar CT detected all malignancies; all missed benign tumors were <8mm in diameter. Computed tomographic colonoscopy performed the same day as conventional colonoscopy achieved a 58% sensitivity and 52% specificity in identifying polyps, with sensitivity for polyps ≥1cm being 86%.
               After bowel preparation and colon air insufflation, 300 patients underwent CT scanning in supine and prone positions using 3-mm collimation and single breath hold; transverse CT images, sagittal and coronal reformations, and 3D endoluminal images completed the CT colonography.Using conventional colonoscopy results as a gold standard, this study achieved a sensitivity of 90% for detecting polyps 10mm or larger, 80% for polyps 5.0 to 9.9mm, and 59% for polyps <5mm; of note is that CT colonography detected all carcinomas. Intravenous contrast provides colonic wall and tumor enhancement. Enhancement significantly improved visualization of 6- to 9-mm polyps (75% postcontrast versus 58% precontrast). One potential pitfall for CT colonography is the occasional carpet-like or flat cancer. Most studies suggest that multiplanar 3-D endoluminal images achieve better sensitivity and specificity than 2-D images; nevertheless, in any one patient a combination of images is often necessary for full evaluation.
              Computed tomographic colonoscopy is an alternative to barium enema and conventional colonoscopy, especially in frail, elderly patients. Detection of small polyps in these patients is not as relevant as in younger patients. Ultrasonography: Endorectal US detects rectal tumors. Attempts have been made to
detect a malignancy arising within a rectal villous adenoma, but results have been disappointing. In general, rectal villous adenomas are resected regardless of imaging or biopsy findings.

Artikel Terkait

Distal rectal carcinoma
4/ 5


Suka dengan artikel di atas? Silakan berlangganan gratis via email

This below all content of radiology information

Neuroradiology Musculoskeletal radiology MRI Musculoskeletal MRI Abnormal Mri Brain X-RAY differential diagnosis Head Neck Anatomy mnemonic CT Teleradiology Radiology News chest Radiology musculoskeletal salary pediatrics ultrasound ultrasound images job Brain tumour abdomen interventional radiology Apk Android CT Abdomen with contrast DAMS Imaging radiology ramblings residency c nature pediatric radiology random ramblings xray C T Radiology Top basics body imaging guide procedure web 2.0 Chest X Ray Interpretation Teleradiology Providers head and neck radiology video Fun Ultrasound Hepatitis b cancer chest radiology salary 1 CXR GenitoUrinary ORTHOPEDICS Sonographic Measurements Stroke dams md/ms coaching mammography radiology business tuberculosis BRAIN Clinicoradiological series FETUS GI radiology Gastrointestinal x ray Radiology 4 Radiology Conferences Radiology Images Telemedicine UPPER LIMPS Ultrasound in Emergencies dynamic MRI lifestyle radiology links renal case spine 3 tesla MRI Dams clinicoradiological series Entrepreneur Gastrointestinal Tract Images Literature Liver abscess ultrasound MD/MS coaching Radiology 40 Radiology Imaging Radiology Journal Radiology PDF Radiology mcqs Ultrasound Technique blog bone tumour cardiac CT career cerebral venous thrombosis chest xray d fracture gadolinium gastrointestinal genitourinary radiology hepatobiliary imaging lipoma medical blogs mri lower abdomen pelvis psychiatry radiation concern social networking technology training urogenital imaging weblog 3D CT Arachnoid cyst CT Cardiac Chest X Ray Diploma Guid Equipment Cost FDA Fibrous dysplasia Interventional Ultrasound Guiding Biopsi MDCT MR Pancreas MRI Vertebrae MRI Vertebrae lumbal MRI contrast MRS RTA Radiology Teaching resource TB Hip TECHNIQUE Tech Thorax X Ray Upper Ext aiims ankle sprain bowel cancer brain abscess case study computers and radiology contrast ependymoma epidermoid facebook guest post internet journal of radiology iphone kienbock disease liver liver segments ct locum tenens mri abdomen multislice CT pericallosal lipoma plain film teaching files private practice radiology humour shoulder arthrogram shoulder dislocation small bowel social media trigeminal neuralgia tuberous sclerosis venous x ray Vertebrae 3d printing 7 tesla MRI ACL reconstruction ACL tear ACLS AIIMS nov 2008 ALPSA lesion ANGIOGRAPHY ATFL B12 deficiency BLS BOLD Breast imaging Breast imaging Mammography CHF CT Paranasal CT Scanner Price CT angiography CT coronary angiography CT technology CV junction CXR teaching files Carcinoid Contrast Agent Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Dams MD/ms Dams grand rounds Diffusion weighted imaging Dysmenorrhea E E World Award 2011 EYE Embolization Imaging Entrepreneurship FMG India FMGE FNH Focal liver lesions ultrasound Focal nodular hyperplasia GBM GI Gall bladder Glioblastoma multiforme Glomus jugulare HEAD HEART HRCT HSG Head injury ICA dissection IRIA 2011 IUGR IVC filter Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome Job Info Kidney Cancer LV thrombus Leptomeningeal cyst MAMOGRAPHY MCI Screening MD MPPG MR mammography MR urography MRA MRCP MRI Cervical MRI update MRI/PET MRV Mesenteric ischemia Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) Motor neuron disease NECK Normal Liver US Oncology trial PDF Radiology PM and R Physician PNS Partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage Persistent trigeminal artery Pg entrance Physiatrist Physiatry Physician Assistant Plastic Surgery Price MRI Machines 2017 Pulmonology Pulvinar sign Radiology Price List Radiology Today Radiology Updates Radiology grandrounds Radiology images of GI Tract Renal Ultrasound Retinal Surgery Rheumatology Ryles tube SKULL Seizure Sellar Masses Sleep Medicine Sports Medicine Subdural hematoma Surgery TBM TRIANGULAR FIBROCARTILAGE COMPLEX Trauma Surgery URI Ultrasound HIV Umbilical vein Update Article Upper Extremity X Ray Urology Usmle VHL Vascular Surgery Veteran Affairs X Ray Head about accessory bone acute cerebillitis acute pancreatitis aiims may 2011 aipg ankle ankle fracture apple articular cartilage aspergilloma atherosclerosis avulsion injury awards bankart lesion basilar artery thrombosis bilateral phaeochromocytoma biopsy bipolar bohler's angle bone tumours brachial plexus brain tb brainstem stroke branchial cyst breast cancer screening buford complex business today calcaneal fracture calcium scoring canned reports carcinoma esophagus carcinoma stomach cardiac ct/pet cardiac pacemaker cardiogen 82 cardiothoracic imaging catrotid artery dissection cavernoma cervical lymphnode levels chest radiographic score chest radiographs choledocolithiasis classification cloud computing cochlear implant colloid cyst communication in radiology compare case concha bullosa congenital brain anomalies congenital heart disease coronary CT coronary artery disease corpus callosum agenesis craniopharyngioma cryptococcal meningitis ct abdomen and pelvis cystic renal disease dams usmle dams visual treat deep brain stimulator dengue dengue hemorrhagic fever developmental dysplasia devices diagnostic imaging dialysis diffusion MR imaging diffusion tensor imaging diffusion tractography digital radiography distal facial neuroma dsa duplication gall bladder echinococcus echocardiography ectopic kidney elearning elevated diaphragm epilepsy esop facial neuroma fibular osteosarcoma functional mri gastrointenstinal tuberculosis germinoma gifts glioma google google plus gun shot injury haemangioblastoma health 2.0 healthcare consultancy hemangiblastoma hemophilia hippocampus hirayama disease hydatid cyst hypercoagulable hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy indian conferences inferior rectus anomaly infrared interior tomography interstitial lung disease intramedullary metastates intramedullary tuberculomas ipad ipad 2 jacoud's arthropathy kernohan's notch knee kohler's disease krukenberg tumour laceration leber's optic atrophy liver transplant lung contusion lymphatics macros marchifava bingami disease mastoiditis maxillary sinus mucocele medial malleolus ossicle medial tibial stress syndrome medical writting medicare medicolegal aspects of teleradiology migraine mortality motor area mri knee mri lumbal msk penang course mucinous cystadenoma multicentric Glioblastoma multiforme mycotic pseudoaneurysm of superficial temporal artery nephrogenic systemic fibrosis nephrology neurosurgery meets nonradiologist oesophagus olecranon spur online medical games open access opercular syndrome opinion orbit os odontoideum os radiale externum osirix osteochondritis osteochondroma osteoid osteoma outsourcing radiology ovarian tumour parameniscal cyst paranasal sinuses parotid vascular mass patellar sleeve avulsion fracture patent ductus arteriosus patent foramen ovale patient information pelvic MRI pericardial fat phaeochromocytoma pharmaceutical writting pineal tumour placenta accreta placenta increta placental insufficiency pneumococcal pneumonia polycystic kidney disease portal Hypertension posterior circulation stroke power point presentation primary complex protected health information pseudobulbar palsy pseudomyxoma peritonei publications pulmonary edema pulmonary embolism pulmonary tuberculosis rabbit ear sign rad radiographic deterioration pattern radiography radiolo radiologist blogs radiology city radiology debate radiology images of spleen radiology intervensional radiology learning radiology search engine radiology spotter radiology spotters radiolopolis raditudes rathke cleft cyst renal imaging renal sinus tumour right sided aortic arch robot round cell tumour sacral agenesis scaphoid fracture schatzki ring scientific content screening search engine secondaries secondary ossification centres silicosis social radiology soft tissue chondroma solitary pulmonary nodule spectroscopy spinal arachnoid cyst spinal cord tumours spinal osteochondroma spine tumour spinoglenoid cyst sternal tuberculosis stress fracture sacrum stroke mri sub-acute combined degeneration subclavian pseudoaneurysm subependymal giant cell astrocytoma sumer sethi swyer-james syndrome syringomyelia tb teaching video teleradiolo teleradiology business models teleradproviders teleultrasound temporal bone fracture tendoachilles testicular tumour tethered cord. MRI tibial stress fracture total knee arthroplasty total shoulder replacment trachea. tracheal diverticulum tracheal stenosis tracheomalacia traumatic lung cyst triceps tear triquetral fracture tubercular abscess tuberculoma tuberculosis elbow ultrasound image of The segments of the liver umblical artery doppler uroradiology vascular malformation vasovist venous angioma ventriculitis video ct scan video mri viral encephalitis vitamin deficiency