Candidiasis is a fungal infection which is most commonly seen in infants who are acutely ill or immunocompromised or in sick ventilated neonates. Fungal balls dilate and may obstruct the collecting system of the kidney (Fig.ultrasound images below). Ultrasound is particularly useful in making the diagnosis by demonstrating the hyperechoic fungal balls within the dilated collecting system. Fungal infection may also undergo haematogenous spread to the spleen and liver, where it can result in multifocal abscess formation.
The dilated collecting system of this kidney is filled with a large, rounded fungal ball of candidiasis
The fungus ball is seen to disintegrate, emptying into the renal pelvis.
jurnal radiology Tags: Ultrasound images of Fungal infection